The current world is going through an unprecedented crisis period. Corona epidemic is mainly responsible for this. Various crises, including the coronavirus, have set back human development by five years and fueled global uncertainty. This information came out in a UN report on Thursday.
The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has announced, for the first time since the organization was established three decades ago, that the world’s Human Development Index has declined for two consecutive years (2020 and 2021). This index is based on various factors including the average life expectancy of people of different countries, education, standard of living.
Achim Steiner, head of the UNDP, said in an interview with the news agency AFP, “A downward trend in the human development index means that we will die faster, our education rates will decrease and our incomes will decrease further,” he added, adding that only three aspects show that people are now Ken is so desperate, desperate and worried about their future.
According to the UNDP report, human development indicators have shown consistent progress over the decades. However, from 2020 it started to decline. This trend is seen to continue in 2021. The gains made in the previous five years have faded.
The report titled ‘Uncertain Times Unsettled Lives’ also said that the main driver of this global backwardness is the Corona epidemic. Along with this, some other crises related to political, economic and climate have created obstacles for people to turn around.
“There have been many disasters in the past,” Steiner said. The world has seen many conflicts before. But now the crisis we are facing is a big obstacle for the progress of the human race.
According to UN research, the current global crisis has affected more than 90 percent of the world’s countries.
Switzerland, Norway and Iceland hold the top spot in the UNDP Human Development Index. On the other hand, the position of South Sudan, Chad and Niger is at the bottom. Some countries were on the road to recovery from the Corona pandemic. But some countries in Latin America, Africa, South Asia and the Caribbean region have not yet returned to their previous status in the human development index due to crises such as the Ukraine war.
A crisis of confidence has arisen
Steiner said the 2021 Human Development Index did not include the food and energy crisis caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. So the situation will undoubtedly worsen in the 2022 index. Human life expectancy plays a major role in the progress of human development. But that too has decreased. In 2019, the average life expectancy of people was 73 years, which has decreased to 71.4 years in 2021.
Pedro Conceicao, lead author of the study, described the decline in life expectancy as a major shock. He said that in countries like the United States, the average life expectancy of people has decreased by two years.
Steiner said, ‘People have lost trust in each other.
According to the report, human development indicators can be advanced through investment in renewable energy, future pandemic preparedness, insurance and new innovations to strengthen future crisis resilience. The head of the UNDP said, “If we continue on the path we are on now, it will be a big mistake.” The impact of our ability to work together as a nation should not be underestimated.’
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